通过本篇essay代写价格-澳大利亚园艺工作者的差异可能了解到，每个澳大利亚园艺工作者都有自身的脆弱性，但存在一定的差异性，这些差异性与几个层次维度具有一致性。首先，由于各种原因，无证工人在劳动力中最容易受到伤害，包括驱逐责任、对个人合同的依赖、语言技能差、工会的排斥和对规章的保护以及社会隔离(Campbell et al.， 2013)。其次，西澳大利亚人似乎比澳大利亚人更容易受到伤害，因为他们对劳动力市场缺乏了解，这使他们面临更大的剥削，同时他们还竞相反对延长签证。接下来论文范文essay代写价格-澳大利亚园艺工作者的差异性分享给留学生阅读。
As a conclusion remark, the article depicted that layered vulnerability is a complicated conception that comprises of 3 main dimensions and various subsidiary dimensions. All of these have a likeliness of varying as observed within distinct perspectives (Howells, 2010). The article findings depicted that every worker from Australian horticulture has vulnerability, but there are differences in the range which have consistency with several layering dimensions. Firstly, workers who are undocumented appear to have maximum vulnerability within the workforce for various reasons inclusive of deportation liability, dependency over individual contracting, poor skills of language, union’s exclusion and protection of regulation and isolation socially (Campbell et al., 2013). Secondly, WHMs appear to have more vulnerability than the residents of Australia as inadequate knowledge in labour market makes them exposed to enhanced exploitation, while they race in opposition to extension of visa. Fourthly, harvesting workers hired through contractors have more likeliness than workers of farmer-employment for encountering pay below award with short and unsatisfied hours at work and much harder work intensity. Piece workers finally have more vulnerability than employees paid hourly to lower pay and intense pressures at work (Hardy, 2011).
Looking for costs of lowest labour, there are certain employers who try taking benefit of such variations within the vulnerability of finding the workers who are weakest (Fudge, 2011). They ensure that most exploitative arrangements of contracting are done and such systems of payment are released. Without enforcing minimum employment standards, employers then are forced for following suit to produce a condition of wage and employment in the downward spiral. On these findings from the article, there are two caveats required. Firstly, more research is needed on the size and harvest workforce composition (Brennan, 2014). This is particularly in relation to the working and undocumented workers living conditions. Secondly, the growing industry context pressurizes horticulture. This needs more consideration. Recent movements however have been started for curbing the retailer market power abuse met with proposals obtained from voluntary code of conduct at Grocery Council of Australian Food ministry, Woolworths and Coles (Hanson et al., 2007). This might not result in solving the issue. There is likeliness that growers indulge in transmitting such pressures over to the working force.