This essay will focus on critically assessing if realism is accurate in capturing the nature held by the contemporary international relations. Followed by a brief description on the theory of realism, the key relationship between the two will be discussed in detail and covering different concepts, while providing accurate examples for the same.
Realism cannot be considered as a theory being defined by the explicit combination of propositions and assumptions. Instead, as it has been noted by a number of commentators, it is known to be a basic orientation, according to which it has been termed as a disposition of philosophy. This depicts that it is a combination of normative focus that helps in shaping the theory. Realism is referred to as an approach made for understanding international relations, the emergence of which took place gradually by the contributions of several analysts (Borger, 2012).
There have been a number of American researchers, like Alexander Hamilton, who considered international relations from the perspective of realism. Realism is referred to as a tradition related international theory centralizing upon four main propositions.
The first proposition is that the international system falls under the nature of anarchic. Based on this proposition, it has been stated that there is no other performer apart from the states having the capability to regulate their interactions (Cozette, 2008). There is an existence of international system in a condition of constant anarchy or antagonism. The second proposition is that the states should be considered as more important performers. The third proposition is that each and every state in the international system is rational and unitary actors. Based on this proposition, it can be stated that the states hold the tendency of persuading self- interest. Further ahead, groups strive on attaining the maximum possible resources (El-Khawas, 2011). The fourth proposition is that the key concern of each and every state is survival. Based on this proposition, it can be stated that states put in efforts to build military departments and armies for their survival that may result in a dilemma of security.