assignment代写-生态女性主义的研究背景。生态女性主义将人类分为两类。这种生态女性主义的一些特征概念是本质主义。许多人类学家和社会学家对这一本质主义概念进行了批判。在这种意识形态中，女性是主要的养育者，而男性具有主要的动物本能，如狩猎(Salleh, 1997)。妇女是受压迫的阶级。在早期的生态女性主义理论中，男性天生贪婪。前一个时代生态女性主义的一些核心价值观与自由女性主义的概念相矛盾(Gaard, Estok & Oppermann, 2013, p. 56)。在这种生态女权主义中，激进的女权主义和文化女权主义爆发了。
According to Merchant (2005), ecofeminism classifies humans into two distinctive categories. Some of the characteristic notion of this ecofeminism is essentialism. Many anthropologists and sociologist have critiqued this essentialism notion. In this ideology, women are primary nurturers and men to have primary animal instinct such as hunting (Salleh, 1997). Women are the oppressed class. Innate greed was attributed to men in the earlier ecofeminism theories. Some of the core values of ecofeminism in the previous era contradicted the notions of liberal feminism (Gaard, Estok & Oppermann, 2013, p. 56). Within this eco feminism radical feminism and cultural feminism had erupted (Edwards, Edwards, & Fields, 2013, p. 8). These ideologies contradicted some of the fundamental beliefs in each ideology. Liberal feminism does not conclude that productivity and growth are the reasons for pollution (Edwards, Edwards & Fields, 2013, p. 9). This causes several paradoxical assumptions. Since ecofeminism’s does not consider different social strata and cultural beliefs of societies, this was eventually considered diminished in relevance (Edwards, Edwards, & Fields, 2013, p. 9). Many of the anthropologists have critiqued these notions; there are numerous benefits in developing ecofeminis,. A part from these world events like issues in Soviet Union, conflicts between countries have led to slow degradation of the original ecofeminism values. Some researchers have critiqued ecofeminism-practicing women to be primarily interested in discussing about male chauvinism and forgetting about environment. This is a rather deluded view nevertheless had gained prominence (Edwards et al., 2013, p. 143) Right to development and productivity had also started weighing in on societies. This leads to gradual diminishing of values proposed in ecofeminism (Edwards et al., 2013, p. 144).
Ecofeminism should have lost its original prominence; nevertheless, it dealt with core issues that are impeding environmental security and sustenance (Young & Taylor, 2015, p. 186). One of the most promising ways that were proposed to deal with ecofeminism issues was changing legislation and forming a standardized international law. International law was considered as a tool to deal with oppression in societies. Some proponents of ecological movement wanted more focus on scientific research to find solutions for the same.
One of the most important factors of ecofeminist movement is environmental security. The environmental security factor needs to be understood to comprehend the movement. This has been explained in the following.