In order to answer this essay, American Idol as a media show has been selected. According to Livingstone in her article, audiences generally are not passive and they are not even that accepting rather a mere ambivalent position is taken by them which is not only modest but also explanatory in terms of critical interpretation which is done through reproduction of inchoate identity sense not enabling the collective and direct action expectation from the public. In her article, the author has contrasted the audiences and the public views into one wherein they are opposed and conflated (Livingstone, 2005). Both according to her have problems beset in them. The perspective that opposes the view of audiences and public does not have the capability to take into consideration the new processes which are exemplified in talking shows or TV shows leading towards resisting the categorization formed traditionally i.e. as concerns on either the public or audiences. On the other hand, the perspective that conflates audiences or publics is also not making views better as all the audiences and public based activities have differences. Livingstone suggests looking at newer processes that offer an intermediate dimension between public and audience and this is termed by her as civic culture. However, the civic culture has various binaries involved in it such as public has collective and consensual actions with rationality and activeness (Livingstone, 2005). However the binaries involved in audiences have individualism, private segmentation, emotions and passiveness along with reception from mass media such as those applicable in TV shows. From this perspective, American Idol has binaries of individual private segmentation, entertainment and passiveness along with biased and masses. In TV shows, such as American Idol, in reference to the article perspective of Livingstone, invitation is given to ordinary people for recounting their individual life and from this private elevation within the sphere of public transforms the private sphere into an exhibition of private life.