Australia follows the act of Racial Discrimination for ensuring there is equal treatment of Australians from different backgrounds perceiving similar opportunities. According to the act, unfairly treat others or discriminate others on the basis of immigration status, ethnic or national origin, descent, colour, and race. The act supports the obligations of Australia under the Global Convention for eliminating all types of racial discrimination as committed in Australia . The act enables protection from discrimination in terms of accessibility of public places, obtaining or utilizing services, accommodation, education and employment. While there is significance of legal responses, legislation is a major element used for responding to the challenges faced in hate speech. There must be complementation of related legislation through initiatives involved from various social sectors. This helps to gear plurality of measures, practices, and policies to nurture tolerance and social consciousness while understanding the concept of public discussion and change. The key perception is to create and strengthen a culture of mutual respect, tolerance and peace across judiciary members, public officials, and individuals. Community or religious leaders and media businesses must be rendered for ensuring social responsibility and ethical awareness. It is the collective responsibility of society, media and states for ensuring adequate measurements are taken with respect to the international law of human rights.
Different categories of advocacy include non-instructed advocacy, professional advocacy, citizen advocacy, peer advocacy, group advocacy and self- advocacy (Varganova, 2012). For the purpose of dealing with the social issue of racial discrimination, there will be specific involvement of group advocacy. Group advocacy is known for involving individuals having shared values, positions, or experiences in groups for talking and listening to one another about issues with collective importance. Such groups specifically focus on influencing service provision, policy and public opinions (Paradies, 2015). There is considerable variation in terms of motive, influence, and size. The ones representing local groups often include the committees of planning and involve in monitoring and commissioning social and health care services for aboriginals. Professional advocacy can also be adopted for this purpose. There will be a hiring of paid independent advocates for supporting and enabling individual to represent their perceptions and speak up when required or as per their demand (Minkler & Wallerstein, 2012). These types of advocacies are based on the issue and the overall work will be done in a short period of time.