自拍已經成為一種普遍現象。不管你多大、工作是什麼、性別是什麼，你的智能手機裡可能會有幾張自拍，或者至少你在Facebook主頁上看過自拍。 2013年，《牛津英語詞典》稱他們選擇了“selfie(自拍)”作為年度詞彙，這證明了自拍現象的流行程度和影響力。 Brandt進行了一項關於計算人們每天自拍次數的研究，他發現驚人的數字是每天9300萬張“僅僅是Android模型”(Brandt, 2014)。 Selfie(自拍)是一個新詞，特指“快速自拍，用智能手機的攝像頭或其他設備拍攝，並立即發布並嵌入網絡”(Saltz, 2014)。然而，記錄自我形象並不是21世紀人們的新發明。自畫像是繪畫領域中一個重要而獨立的流派。此外，由於攝影是在19世紀末發明和發展起來的，自我攝影也引起了很多關注，並被許多藝術家實踐。
Selfie has become a ubiquitous phenomenon. No matter how old you are, what job you have or what sex you are, you may have some pieces of selfies in your smart phone or at least you have seen selfies on your Facebook homepage. In 2013, Oxford English Dictionary claimed that they chose “selfie” as the word of the year, proving how popular and how influential the phenomenon is. Brandt conducts a research on calculating how many selfies people take every day and he finds the number is amazingly 93 million per day “just Android models alone” (Brandt, 2014).Selfie is a newly coined word, specifically referring to “a fast self-portrait, made with a smart phone’s camera or other devices, and immediately distributed and inscribed into a network” (Saltz, 2014). However, to record the image of self is not a new invention of people in the 21st Century. Self- portrait is an important and independent genre in the field of painting. Moreover, as photography was invented and developed in late 19th Century, self- photography also aroused a lot of concern and was practiced by many artists.
Though both selfie and self- photography are used to delineate photos containing the image of the cameraman, there are some inner differences of them. One of the most direct ways to differentiate self- photography from a selfie is whether both arms of the cameraman appear in the photo. A self- photography in most cases are created with the help of tripod, and thus the composition of the picture is more free and the content of the picture is richer compared with as selfie.There may remain some stereotypes on self-photography works and selfies. For instance, most selfies are regarded as “silly, typical, boring” in which “guys flex muscles and girls make pouty lips (duck face)” while self-photography are considered an important branch of photography art with “artistic characteristics” (Saltz, 2014). Notably, some most famous self- photographers are female and in many people’s mind, women are much fond of taking and posting selfies. This provides me an interesting entry point to cut into the topic of selfie. This essay would like to conduct research on comparing the two types of self- photography works and reveal the differences and common points of them.