The effect of black holes in the surrounding areas is interpreted differently based on the quantum mechanics theory. According to quantum mechanics theory for each particle of a certain mass and volume there is a similar anti particle. In a particle and antiparticle pair is just beyond the event of horizon there is a possibility that one particle will be drawn into the black hole while the other does not get drawn into the black hole (Redd, 2015).
This action will result in the release of thermal radiations from the black body. These thermal radiations that are released near the black body owing to this action are known as hawking radiation. Stephen Hawking discovered this significant radiation through theoretical analysis (Frolov & Novikov, 1998). Hawking theory on the effect of black holes in the surrounding areas proved one concept however it lead to a multitude of questions that needed to be answered. Leonard Susskind came up with the holographic theory that explained one of the inadequacies of Hawking theory. Both of these theories introduced a new dimension to the existing black hole principles (DiIorio, 2012). Hence, formation of Hawking radiation is the effect of the Black holes in the surrounding areas. In reality there are different types of black holes. They are explained below.