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美国北卡罗来纳州立大学论文代写 :健康保险公司

美国北卡罗来纳州立大学论文代写 :健康保险公司

最初于1976年,Medibank成立为非私人健康保险公司,也是一家法定的权力机构,成为全国第二大基金。 2014年3月,澳大利亚政府宣布计划将Medibank按照市场条件进行私有化,解决方案活动也将融入健康保险业务(Aulich and Wettenhall,2008)。澳大利亚政府将Medibank私有化的原因是为了降低管理费用,并考虑扩大新的业务领域,同时降低整个业务的平均成本(Aulich and Wettenhall,2008)。

美国北卡罗来纳州立大学论文代写 :健康保险公司
对于出售Medibank Private的股票存在很多反对意见,因为它可以提高市场的溢价,而且法律建议也必须按照金融理论来制定。公共财政也必须按照即时预算的影响和预测进行指导,以便可以进行计算,以便与预算的影响和预测进行协调。国家竞争政策及其干预也是一个强有力的监管机制,因此可以相应提高医疗保险费的收益(Aulich和Wettenhall,2008)。甚至在法律可以接受私有化的法律之前,但是Medibank认为这是一个重大的公众分歧,因为投资不能得到妥善管理。
总理,司库,卫生部长和财政部长支持启动Medibank私有化版本的事业,但政府部门的一些成员可能会争论并决心在交易中出售该品牌。创建一个浮动可能是政府的一个非常好的选择,但与国际投资者一起持续的成员身份却使情况大大不同,从而防范了Medibank Private(McAuley,2013)的释放。

美国北卡罗来纳州立大学论文代写 :健康保险公司

Initially in the year 1976, Medibank was established as a not-for-private health insurance company which was also a statutory authority company as it had become the second largest fund in the country as well. In March 2014, the Australian Government announced plans to privatize Medibank subject to market conditions and the solution activities also getting integrated into the health insurance business (Aulich and Wettenhall, 2008). The reason why Medibank was privatized by the Australian government was to deliver lower management expenses and also to look into expansion into the new business areas along with lowering its average costs across the business (Aulich and Wettenhall, 2008).

美国北卡罗来纳州立大学论文代写 :健康保险公司
There was a lot of opposition regarding the sale of shares of Medibank Private as it could raise premiums as well in the market and also the legal advice had to be worked out as per the financial theory. Public finance also had to be guided as per the immediate budget impact and projections so that calculation can be done for coordinating with budget impact and projections. National competition policy and its intervention in this case has also been a strong regulatory mechanism so that the benefit of health insurance premium can be increased accordingly (Aulich and Wettenhall, 2008). Even before the law could accept the same that is regarding the privatization but Medibank saw that it was more of a significant public disagreement as the disinvestment could not be managed properly.
The Prime Minister, Treasurer, Health Minister and Finance Minister supported the cause of starting a privatized version of Medibank yet there were some members in the government’s wing who could argue and were determined to sell the brand in a trade sale. Creating a float could have been a very good option for the government yet the ongoing membership of the people along with international investors made things quite different and hence provided a guard against the unleashing of Medibank Private (McAuley, 2013).

美国论文代写:对外投资分析

美国论文代写:对外投资分析

显然从图,在上世纪70年代,几乎没有外国直接投资和对外直接投资。然而,自上世纪80年代以来,中国已经有了一个持续增长率直到上世纪90年代初,下跌之后,又从2002的比例开始增加,并一直在持续增长。不过,这一比例仍远低于1。这意味着,在中国开始后,始终工作在海外发达国家的趋势,它仍然有很长的路要走。
相比其他发展中国家,可以看出所有金砖国家之间(图4),没有其他国家在增加了中国对外直接投资(OFDI)是一致的。俄罗斯是非常接近中国在对外直接投资领域从经济具有波动流出FDI。巴西和南非表现出巨大的波峰和波谷在他们的数据,但即使这样,他们不来接近中国。第二个人口最多的国家,印度近年来在这个领域已经趋于稳定。
图3和4相比,在其他四个国家的FDI和ODI的比率。该图主要集中在1985年后的趋势,因为当时的全球化浪潮已经开始促进投资在其他国家的想法。在此之前,大多数金砖国家基本上是封闭的,专注于内部发展模式。在这种情况下,巴西有一个混合的偏好,因为该比例保持振荡的小数区,偶尔振幅接近或大于1。另一方面,印度一直保持着一个分数比例,更多地关注吸引外国投资的外来投资。这可能主要是由于印度发展模式的社会主义和内向。不过俄罗斯已经比的好处,吸引FDI的最年对外直接投资比。这可能是由于事实上,俄罗斯不是一个非常吸引人的外国直接投资的位置,由于其挣扎的增长幅度,它也一直热衷于投资于其他国家。南非主要有一个分数比ODI / FDI除了当年FDI下滑厉害将比喷550。

美国论文代写:对外投资分析

As is evident from the graph, there was virtually no FDI or ODI in the 1970s. However, since the 1980s, China has had a consistently increasing ratio till the early 1990s. After a decline, the ratio started increasing again from 2002, and has been on a consistent rise. Yet, the ratio is still far below 1. It implies that while China has started following the trend of developed nations by consistently working on the ODI, it still has a long way to go.
When compared against the other developing countries, it can be seen that among all the BRICS nations (Figure 4), no other country has been as consistent as China in increasing their outward FDI (OFDI). Russia comes quite close to China in the OFDI domain but it has a very fluctuating outflow of FDI from the economy. Both Brazil and South Africa show huge peaks and troughs in their data but even then, they do not come close to China. The second most populous country, India has levelled off in the recent years when in this domain.
The figure 3 and 4 compares the ratio of ODI and FDI in the other four countries. The graph focuses largely on the trend in the years after 1985 because that’s when the wave of globalization had started promoting the idea of investing in other countries. Prior to that, most of the BRICS nations were largely closed and focused on an internal model of development. Brazil has had a mixed preference in this case because the ratio keeps oscillating in the fractional zone, with occasional amplitude of near to or greater than 1. India on the other hand, has maintained a fractional ratio focusing more on attracting inward investment that investing abroad. That can be due to largely socialistic and inward approach of the Indian development models. Russia however has been on the upside of the ratio, attracting more ODI than FDI in most years. That can be due to the fact that Russia is not a very attractive location for FDI due to its struggling pitch of growth, and it also has consistently been keen on investing in the other countries. South Africa has mostly had a fractional ratio of ODI/FDI except for the year when the FDI fell badly bringing the ratio to a spurting 550.