Professor Sigrun Skogly, the Head of department at Lancaster University Law School, however presents a different perspective. She states that the situation in Syria needs to be handled by the book. Where the Security Council decides that the situation is a breach or a threat they should have to decide for military action and member countries can also get involved in the same. Also in the context of the Syria, the perspective of the UN charter will bring a better way to address the issue, by non-military means if necessary. Such decisions have to ultimately be decided by the permanent members and where there permanent members disagreement that it obviously means that the UN charter is not fulfilled. In the context of considering for military action for Syria, it is noted that Russia and China are opposed to the situation and that the legality of intervention without the approval of the Security Council would not be a clear decision of the UN. However it is also stated that when the need arises under the charter that there is a duty to protect and encourage respect for human rights and their fundamental freedom. If this is the case, then the more current researches on international law and human rights laws are also seen to support this context, there is a focus on human rights obligations that goes beyond the state’s individual power.