Pakal was responsible for the extension or construction of some of the most notable surviving monumental architecture and inscription of Palenque during his reign of about 68 years. It was at the age of 12 in the year July 615 that Pakal ascended the throne; during the time when he was at power he expanded power of Palenque in the western region of Maya states and started a building program at his capital. This resulted in production of some of the finest architecture and art of the Maya civilization.
On the other hand, Montezuma also extended the Aztec empire’s boundaries to the Gulf Coast which was beyond the Valley of Mexico. This lead to gaining access to exotic goods like rubber, cocoa, fruits, cotton and seashells by subjugating the Toronac and Huastec people. Moreover, he also solidified the alliance of his empire with the neighboring people of Texcoco and Tlacopan.
Pachacuti like the other kings conquered many ethnic states and groups; this enhanced the prestige of the Inca Pachacutec by highlighting his conquest of the Collao. He was considered as an exceptional leader due to the remarkable expansion. Just like other kings, in tribute to his achievements enlivening glorious epic hymns and stories were written. His skills were also recognized by many kurakas and was identified as the son of the Sun. It has been written in various chronicles that besides being great emperor he was also a great planner, administrator, observer of human psychology and philosopher.