快時尚 論文:供應鏈管理

快時尚 論文:供應鏈管理
作為供應鏈管理的一部分,庫存必須保存在物流鏈中。供應鏈管理是指對供應鏈中的物資和信息進行管理。一端是供應商或生產商,另一端是客戶。供應鏈本身可以看作是一個多級庫存系統,因為在任何時候,系統中都有貨物的存儲和移動。在供應鏈中保留庫存有很好的理由,因為幾乎所有的組織都更願意了解未來的需求,並準備好滿足它們。如果沒有庫存計劃和管理,組織就會遭殃。首先,他們不能滿足客戶的需求,因為他們的商店缺乏商品。其次,它們可能會過量庫存,導致商品的浪費,尤其是易腐商品。庫存及其在此上下文中的管理是有幫助的,因為它將確保需求和庫存功能的效率。
當維護庫存銷售和運營計劃和流程時,支持銷售管理和運營計劃是可能的,這是企業滿足消費者需求和避免庫存過剩的戰略需要。銷售管理和運營計劃(S&OP)旨在將公司的兩項重要職能結合起來。首先,組織中的需求管理職能,如銷售預測、市場營銷等,將與企業的運營層面職能,如製造、供應鏈、採購等相結合。公司的庫存和詳細資料需要及時,以協助這樣的戰略規劃。製造業的轉變可能會影響滿足消費者需求或採購的改變,或任何其他形式的風險,如果庫存和管理與銷售和預測相結合,這些風險都可以很好地加以管理。在此背景下,可以理解的是,僅在物流鏈中保存庫存並不能保證生產效率,但有必要對其進行仔細的管理。

快時尚 論文:供應鏈管理

Inventories have to be kept in the logistics chain as part of supply chain management. Supply chain management addresses the management of materials and information in the supply chain. At one end, it is the suppliers or producers and at another the end, the customers. A supply chain by itself might be viewed as a multi-echelon inventory system because at any time, there are goods storage and movement in the system. There are good reasons to keep inventories in the supply chain because almost all organizations prefer to be aware of the future demand and be ready to meet them. Without inventory planning and management, organizations would suffer. Primarily, they are not able to meet the needed demands of their customers because of lack of goods in their stores. Secondly, they might overstock leading to wastage of goods, importantly perishables ones. Inventory and its management in this context are helpful as it will ensure efficiency of both the demand and stock functionality.
When maintaining inventory sales and operations planning and processes it is possible to support sales management and operations planning which is a strategic necessity for the firms to meet their consumer demand and avoid overstocking. Sales management and operations planning (S&OP) aim to combine two important functions of the firm. Primarily, the demand management functions in the organization such as sales forecasting, marketing etc. would be combined with the operations level functions of the firm such as manufacturing, supply chain, procurement etc. Firm’s on hand inventory and details are needed in a timely manner in order to assist in such strategic planning. Shifts in manufacturing could affect meeting consumer demand or alterations in procurement, or any other form of risk that could be managed well when inventory and management is connected with sales and forecasting. Given this background context, it can be understood that keeping inventories in the logistics chain alone does not guarantee productivity, but it is necessary to carefully manage them.

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