Conversation analysis is most commonly abbreviated as CA. This is an approach undertaken to study of social interaction. In this there is both verbal and non-verbal conduct that can be found in situations of everyday life. In a casual conversation is found to occur in everyday situations from doctors’ office to the supermarkets (Searle, 1977). This conversation analysis has helped the people in understanding of the analysis of the social interactions.
In casual conversations it has been found that they undertake a turn-taking model. This turn taking model is found in the absence of formalized system of talking. In the case of adjacency pairs, there is a simple conversation between two parties. In this system, the people naturally take turns while speaking to each other. In the case of multi party conversations there is a more complicated procedure that has been found. There is no real protocol as to who will talk next in the conversation. Conversational system takes place in turn but a series of turns. The flow of the conversation cannot be really understood. In this process there is a ‘turn commodity’ that has been followed.
Another aspect that was observed in this conversation was that the people were sarcastic. In some cases, it was found that one of the participants stated about how intelligent the other person who was taking the opposite stand was in reality this was an indirect allusion to the naivety of the participant. The student who made this declaration has an indirect allusion that the other person was not smart. This was a locutionary stand taken by the student and as a result of this the other student had taken a perlocutionary stand and said that they were indeed smart and believed in the truth. This was a direct allusion to the intelligence that the students think they possess.
In this there is a repeats and usage of certain lexical forms. The turn-taking system encompasses of two distinct components there are the allocation mechanism and constructional component. Allocation mechanism is responsible for distributing a turn and the lexical components that parties utilize in filling. In the case of turn constructional component there are basic turns that are fashioned. It has been considered that at a transition relevance place (TRP), there is a set of rules that are followed by quick succession. In this case the current speaker selects the next person who could speak in the conversation. This could be initiated with body language such as gaze, environmental cues such as requesting some actions. In some cases the person who is supposed to speak next self-selects. There is no real respondent. This conversation just starts by the next speaker on an impulse. In some cases when there are no real respondents to the conversation the next person just continues to take up the conversation.