代寫:知識產權保護

代寫:知識產權保護
知識產權被認為是獨一無二的東西。一個想法不會成為知識產權,但它的表達方式會成為知識產權。知識產權保護是必要的,以確保人們不會竊取或複制內容創作者的作品(GOV.UK, 2016)。因此,可以保護創作的名稱、創作本身、設計或外觀等等。英國政府提供的知識產權保護形式包括版權、專利、商標、工業設計和商業秘密。某種形式的保護是提供的,一旦創造的存在,但對於其他創作者將必須明確登記保護(GOV.UK, 2016)。在作品的寫作和文學風格、藝術、媒體、電影或錄音方面,尋求版權保護。這是一個自動保護的例子。創作者可以使用版權符號來表示他們的作品受到保護。巴赫訴朗曼案2考伯623(1777)是最早涉及著作權的案件之一。在這裡,巴赫起訴他的出版商朗曼,指控他盜版他的印刷音樂作品。安妮法令是當時的版權立法,它不包括音樂,這個案件是一個先驅,它認為出版的音樂或印刷的音樂也受版權保護。

代寫:知識產權保護
Donahue v. Allied Newspapers Ltd (1938) Ch 106是一個具有里程碑意義的案例,在這個案例中,我們決定創意不能被版權保護,只能被表達出來,這個案例為版權保護奠定了堅實的基礎(Intellectual Property Office IPO, 2016)。同樣,專利保護是針對發明,如產品、藥物組合物、機械等(IPO, 2016)。這是一個必須申請的保護,申請有5年的時間。 Aerotel v Telco and Macrossan的申請[2006]EWCA Civ 1371是一個具有里程碑意義的案例,它決定了什麼主題可以申請專利。爭議的對像是一個電話系統,該系統根據英國法律由發明家卡米爾申請專利。這項專利是由發明者轉讓給Aerotel的,而Aerotel則以侵犯專利為由起訴Telco。 Telco希望基於主題內容撤銷該專利。法院承認,Kami的發明是值得申請專利的,而Telco並沒有真正擁有可以將其排除在專利侵權之外的獨特商業特徵。

代寫:知識產權保護

An intellectual property is considered as something that is created uniquely. An idea would not be an intellectual property but the expression of the idea would be. Intellectual property protection is necessary to ensure that people are not stealing or copying the work of the creator of the content (GOV.UK, 2016). The names of the creation, the creation itself, the design or the look of the creation and more can thus be protected. The form of intellectual property protection that is being offered by the UK Government is in the form of copyright, patents, trademarks, industrial designs and trade secrets. Some form of protection is afforded as soon as the creation comes into existence but for others the creator will have to explicitly register for protection (GOV.UK, 2016).Copyright protection is sought for work in the case of writing and literary style of work, art, media, movies or sound recordings. This is an example of automatic protection. The creator can use the copyright symbol in order to show their work is protected. Bach v. Longman 2 Cowper 623 (1777) case is one of the earliest cases regarding copyright. Here the Bach sued his publisher Longman accusing him of pirating his printed music work. The Statute of Anne which was the copyright legislation at that time did not cover music and this case was a pioneer in holding that published music or printed music is also copyright protected.

代寫:知識產權保護
Donahue v. Allied Newspapers Ltd (1938) Ch 106 was the landmark case where it was decided that ideas cannot be copyrighted and only their expressions, this case hence forms the solid base for copyright protection (Intellectual Property Office IPO, 2016). Similarly, patent protection is done for inventions as in the case of a product, a medicine composition, machinery and others (IPO, 2016). This a protection that has to be applied for and there is a 5-year time for the application to be filed. Aerotel v Telco and Macrossan’s Application (s) [2006] EWCA Civ 1371 is a landmark case that decided what subject matter could be patented. The object of dispute was a telephone system that was patented under UK legislation by an inventor Kamil. The patent was assigned to Aerotel by the inventor and Aerotel sued Telco for patent infringement. Telco wanted the patent to be revoked based on subject content. The court acknowledged that Kami’s invention was worthy of being patented and Telco did not really have a unique business feature that could exclude it from patent infringement.

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