In such instance, ethnic groups display their most fierce differences. For example, in ancient Hinduism, the priestly caste Brahmins differentiate themselves from the royal Kshatriya caste by drawing a solid line of their superiority, and this differentiation lie in their lineage to the great Rishis who were personifications of knowledge (Monier-Williams, 1877, pp. 58). The Brahmin would always associate with a Kshatriya king for offering guidance on princely affairs but would refrain to become one, and institutionalise the habits and culture of the Kshatriyas. This defines the translucent boundaries of a particular ethnicity, and their rooted credibility is also able to mix with other ethnic groups. However, the question of diluting their own boundaries for personal benefits and in the name of nationalism demands remains ever strong and relevant. This is because globalization is attempting to unify all communities, irrespective of their ethnic background.
There are claims and beliefs which sort people with same occupation within the same ethnic group. This phenomenon is largely seen in modernist period when economic association makes one a large group. At that time, they remained together and are influenced by each other’s objective thoughts and remain united. However, this can never be termed as ethnicity because ethnicity is highly subjective in the objective means of subsistence. True ethnic groups know their boundaries consciously and do not cross them permanently, although there are groups who change their loyalty to follow modernist influence. One of this is the demands of nationalism politics.
Nationalism demands and nationalist groups, from time to time, demand the oneness of all under the slogan of national identity. Ethnic groups are obliged to meet these demands when required and appear as constituted to reflect the changing global reality (Eriksen, 2010, pp. 9). This does not mean that the ethnic group has transcended the boundary forever and has diluted its moral responsibility to remain rooted. This act of temporary crossing the boundary is a display of its strength of its knowledge of its roots, which would never dilute their moral responsibility. Nationalism emerged when there grew threats to national security. This required the nation to remain united despite the multiplicity of different ethnic groups. Ethnic groups, however, are careless and undisturbed much about the national threat. Their inclusion in a larger context of economic system and culture requires them to be inclusive and agreeable to meet the demands of nationalism politics, to enable some sort of ethnification of the groups (Caspersen, 2010, pp. 16).
The ethnic boundary is largely personal and deep rooted in the shared beliefs which remain the same. The boundary is not crossed when an ethnicity refrains from diluting their beliefs and values for lured economic or recognisable benefits. This unwillingness to dilute their values is what explains, more clearly, the maintenance of ethnic boundaries. The cuisine, thoughts about gender and sexuality, belief in a sort of music which remains attached to a strong and unwavering sameness in the belief about nature and animals etc. keeps the boundaries safe and unsullied. The upfront rejection to dilute any character trait, belief and values of an ethnicity is, perhaps, the most qualified justification of the strength of the ethnic group to sustain their intrinsic culture.
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