Deforestation is one of the most powerful forces in deteriorating the world climate taking place in a sophisticated manner across the world. The purpose of deforestation are many depending on the dominant requirement in a particular country, but its primary purpose is business and to earn money through sale of deforested materials. Indonesia is home to a large forest which is capable of balancing the climate change effect arising of the industrial development, but consistent deforestation in the country has posed a challenge for the political leaders, local communities, traders, environmentalists, and world leaders of nature preservation taking deep interest trying to save the forest from getting destroyed. Indonesia has one of the world’s largest bio-diversity regions which are so helpful in mitigating climate changes and maintaining consistency in attracting rains. One region in Indonesia, Sumatra has been facing a huge deforestation drive since decades and there are a lot of factors which are responsible for it. This paper discusses the deforestation issues in Sumatra and the surrounding region and presents some actions that various autonomous groups have been taking against it.
The business decisions are mostly related to the government policy and regulations, because if the government regulations are strong and disallow commercial logging, there will automatically be a reduction in the deforestation rate to some extent. Besides, if there is a provision for local communities for their everyday sustenance by the government, they also may not indulge deeply in deforestation, indicating the inter-relationship of various factors that leads to deforestation.