代写assignment:维持社会秩序

代写assignment:维持社会秩序

迪尔凯姆认为维持社会秩序是为了维持两种形式的团结。它是机械的和有机的团结。在现代社会,有从原始社会到工业社会的过渡。这导致了工人意识形态的巨大变化。在原始社会中,有一种形式的机械团结(迪尔凯姆,1984)。有些人的行为和思维方式都与生产率的共同目标一致。有更多的集体主义,有一个明确的社会秩序是维持的。这种社会的犯罪行为是针对社区的集体主义目标的。在发达工业社会中,劳动分工更为复杂。这意味着社会中的人们可以根据他们的生产力水平获得相应的奖励。这些理论是在一个没有真正不平等概念的社会中提出的。它的产生是因为人们能够组成并解决他们固有的差异。迪尔凯姆认为,他们所面临的危机是由于向生产力的过渡。

代写assignment:维持社会秩序
迪尔凯姆的同一性与马克思的意识形态形成了鲜明的对比。它没有考虑到工人正在为有价值的生产作出贡献这一概念。有许多模式,工人往往通过这些模式来发展和专业化他们的技能。这意味着工人正在走向创造一个能够使工人发展专门技能的社会。他讨论了团结的概念,即社会中所有的工人都会走向集体主义的价值体系,他认为这将影响社会中的利他主义。继杜凯姆的意识形态之后,韦伯又提出了他的官僚主义和工人思想。马克斯•韦伯认为,理想的官僚制包括六个具体的特征:命令的等级制度、非人格化、书面的行为准则、基于成就的晋升、专业化的劳动分工和效率。Weberian官僚主义的最终特征是认为官僚主义是非常有效的,这是有争议的,并不是所有的社会学家都接受(Lemert, 2015)。

代写assignment:维持社会秩序

Durkheim postulates that social order is maintained in order to maintain two forms of solidarity. It is the mechanical and organic solidarity. In the modern times there is transition from primitive societies to industrial societies. This has led to a stark change in ideology of the worker. In primitive societies, there is a form of mechanical solidarity (Durkheim, 1984). There is people acting and thinking alike with common objectives of productivity. There is more collectivism and there is a definitive social order that is maintained. Acts of crime in this societies addressed to the collectivistic goals of the communities. In an advanced industrials societies, there is more complex division of labour. This means that the people in the societies are given merits and rewards based on their productivity levels. These theories were postulated in a society that had no real inequality notions. It has been created because the people are able to compose and address their inherent differences. According to Durkheim, the crisis that they are facing is because of transition towards productivity.

代写assignment:维持社会秩序
Durkheim identity is in contrast to the ideology of that of Marx. It does not factor in the notion that the workers are contributing towards valuable production. There are many modals through which the worker tends to develop and specialize their skills. This implicitly means that the workers are moving towards creation of a society that would result in workers developing specialized skills. He discusses about the notion of solidarity where all the workers in the society would move towards the value system of collectivism and believed that this would impact the altruism in the societies. Subsequent to ideology of Durkeim, Weber proposed his ideology of bureaucracy and the worker. Max Weber believed that an ideal bureaucracy consists of six specific characteristics: hierarchy of command, impersonality, written rules of conduct, advancement based on achievement, specialized division of labor, and efficiency. This ultimate characteristic of Weberian bureaucracy, which states that bureaucracies are very efficient, is controversial and by no means accepted by all sociologists (Lemert, 2015).

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