The 3rd wave of development in the sound and audio recording started around 1945. In this time, the wide spread use of the magnetic tape recording. The technology was originally invented in 1930s. These however remained restricted to Germany until the World War II. The Magnetic tape had provided another leap into the audio fidelity. Allied observers had become aware of the newer technology owing to the audio quality (Miller, 1977). These had stemmed from the pre-recorded programs. These were indistinguishable from the live broadcast. In 1950s and early 1960, the use of the Magnetic tape was pondered to be a standard medium of audio mastering and recording. This had led to the formulation of the multi-track tape recording for the music. These were stored in the form of discs and tapes. In addition, it included the development of the full-frequency-range disc production. A change was observed from the shellac to polyvinyl plastic for the purposes of disc manufacture. It was during this period that invention of 33rpm was done. These included 12-inch-long playable disc and 45rpm 7-inch. This introduction of the domestic and portable tape recorders aided to the higher consumer consumption of music. The music was experienced in a different angle and this was welcomed by the consumers (Gottlieb, 2010). The development of the first “sampling keyboards” and the focus on the tape-based keyboard was during this time. These tools increased the number of ways, and an artist can emulate emotion and reach out to a wider array of people. 4th phase of music recording is considered to be the digital era. There are far reaching and dramatic changes that are observed in the audio recording. In a period of 20 years, the digital sound encoding has gained prominence. A number of short lived “hybrid” studio and consumer technologies had also arisen in this era. There was the development of the digital compact disc in this period. The CDS were gaining gradual prominence. It is evident that the engineering and sound mixing had gained more sophistication. A number of innovative sound engineers had developed during this era. One of the critically acclaimed sound engineers is Michael Brauer. A brief introduction about the techniques used by Brauer has been detailed in the following.
Michael Brauer creates an eclectic mix of music from a wide variety of artists. He has a unique approach to the sound mixing. He has worked with a number of critically acclaimed musicians such as James Brown, Aerosmith, Billy Joel, Rod Stewart, Bob Dylan, Rolling Stones. He was known for his compression techniques. He uses some of the multi–bus compression technique to develop music. His technique is known as “Brauerize”. He has worked in a number of important albums and is known for his contributions as mixer. Brauer does not simply use new techniques. He uses the techniques to emphasize the importance of the singer and the unique voice of the singer. He creates music in the form of feel and colour. There is the use of 8 million different strings and tunings. He was famous for the ways in which he creates music and presents it in a unique manner.
One of the signature styles of the engineer was the technique Brauerize. This has been mentioned earlier. In this notion, there is the fusion of the drums, bass, guitar, keys and vocals. In this, the A, B, C and D buses come into the center of the SSL J9000. This divulges into the amplifier for mix down with the stereo. The final stereo compressor that develops in this paradigm is a simple composition. The mixing of the song is between two radically different elements in the song. In the regular approach, there is the pre-fader compression. The ABCD compressor is mixed with the song. As Brauer states, the 4 sub stereos that are used for this technique is the Neve 33609. This uses the Pultec P1A3S EQ, along with the B mixing with the Avalon E55 EQ, C, Pendulum ES8 tube limiter and finally D [TF Pro], Edward the Compressor P8. This was the multi-bus compression method that was developed by Brauer in 1985. There is allowance for the engineer who uses these tools to create a newer eclectic mix. There was the use of the instrument to make sure that the compression is not destroyed in the process. By using this technique of compression, he was able to develop unique sound mixes. These would bring out the innate talents of the singer and the unique sound was developed. This technique enabled the engineer to make different kinds of mixes and sounds. This created a final work
Even though he had worked with a number of eminent artists, one of the most important albums was the album by Coldplay. It is “Viva La Vida or Death and All His Friends”.
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