“Male and female “principles” war with each other at the very heart of city life. The city is “masculine” in its triumphal scale, its towers and vistas and arid industrial regions; it is “feminine” in its enclosing embrace, its indeterminacy and labyrinthine uncenterdness” (p.58).
Bondi (1998) examines the public and private landscapes of the late 20th century. The urban landscapes in the city of Edinburg are subject to gentrification. Three neighbourhoods are situated in the Edinburgh. The Leith waterfront is built with gap sites and industrial frameworks. East Craigs is seen to be a Greenfield site and Stockbridge is a Victorian housing stock. For establishing the gendered influence in the context of housing Bondi (1998) conducted semi structured interviews. She was able to establish that East Craig’s had a better degree of privacy. The spaces were more communally owned and the outdoor spaces looked like they were colonized. There were boundaries clearly demarcating which was whose property. Bondi (1998) considered that this was not an elite area, however it was a peaceful and even a nice area. While author was not able to establish the presence of the feminine influence, Bondi (1998) was able to establish that there was a familial influence. In the Leith waterfront the author was able to note that there were more defensive demarcations such as multiple security devices were implemented. Property was again clearly demarcated and was seen to have more security measures than that would be required for a domestic space. This was indicative of the gentrification that the place was undergoing and Bondi (1998) in interviews were able to establish that women felt a sense of security with these arrangements. Bondi (1998) analyzes and notes that Stockbridge which is yet another neighbourhood in Edinburg had a more class based planning.