On the other side, America might be capable of work with a single army, a single national government and also a single entity which would be responsible of catching smugglers. This would result in the reduction of inefficiency and waste. An example of the Great Britain has been pointed out by Hamilton to argue the fact that a well-structured, single national government might easily be stretched to cover big populations and large swaths of territory.
This paper could also be regarded as an addition to the previous arguments by Hamilton which outlines the economic gains of union as compared to disunion. It has been argued overall in the paper that under a single national government, America would have a much more efficient economy and government. Each country would have to have its own bureaucrats if America are divided into multiple independent nations and thus expense would be unnecessary and wasteful.
The central tension in the American government system amongst liberty and efficiency has been illustrated in this paper. It was by the fear of all powerful, distant central government that Anti-federalists were animated as they would suppress the rights of the people by means of force. They were of the opinion that Americans would be better able to keep its political leaders in check by location political authority at the state and local level, at the same time prevent them from amassing adequate power to form a domination (Hamilton 1787). But, it has also been argued by Hamilton that bureaucratic excess and massive inefficiency which would be formulated by so many independent nations would result in having a total impact of overburdening the local economies. Having more governments with more power would result to a huge cost of administration as government costs money. In addition, he has also presented the fact that if the nation remained united rather than splitting into 2 to 3 confederacies, the cost of supporting a national governmental apparatus would be less; wherein there would have to be governmental apparatus for every independent nation. Hence, the benefits of the union have been the area of main focus in this paper by Hamilton.