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论文结构:学习双语的优势

论文结构:学习双语的优势

1914年第一次世界大战期间,北威尔士的一位教育学家威廉姆斯对双语和认知功能进行了比较研究。在他的文章中,他对威尔士和比利时的双语进行了有趣的比较。他提出,居住在边境的英国学生从小学习威尔士语具有一些智力优势(Williams, 1995)。这篇文章的目的在于把学习另一种语言作为认知功能的主题。他的研究集中在利用另一种语言作为与他人交流的一种方式,从而利用假设的敏感性建立一种关系。

论文结构:学习双语的优势
这篇文章的有用之处在于,有一种解释强调母语,也被称为母语,而另一种语言就像两个独立的气球,它们都有自己的扩展空间,混合的机会非常少。这篇文章的局限性在于,William没有具体说明混合的可能性有多大。作者也应该着重提到这一点。根据我的假设,这篇文章支持对儿童进行双语的早期教育,这样他们就可以拥有用新鲜的头脑重新学习的优势。

论文结构:学习双语的优势

In 1914 during world war one Williams a North Wales educationalist did a comparative examination of bilingualism and cognitive functioning. In his write-up he presented interesting comparison of the bilingualism in Wales and Belgium. He presented that the learning the Welsh by English students at an early age who resides at the border has some intellectual advantages associated (Williams, 1995). The aim of his article lies within the advantages of learning the other language as a theme of cognitive functioning. His research focused on utilizing the other language as a mode of communication with others and so builds a relationship using hypothetical sensitivity.

论文结构:学习双语的优势
The usefulness of this article is that there is explanation which highlights mother tongue which is also called the native language and the other language is like two separate balloons and both of these have their own space to expand and chances of intermixing are rare or minimal. The limitation of this article is that William didn’t specify the extent to which the intermixing is possible. The writer should focus on mentioning this as well. As per my hypothesis this article supports the early education of bilingualism to children so that they can have the advantage of learning afresh with fresh minds.

论文 重复率:创造力的高峰与衰退模型

论文 重复率:创造力的高峰与衰退模型

创造力的高峰与衰退模型是定义创造力水平取决于年龄的模型。这个模型是由马丁·林道尔命名的,据他说,创造力在成年早期增加,在30岁时下降。然而,这是假设创造力在整个生命周期中处于相同的水平。人的创造力的任何变化都是由于数量而不是质量(Caffrey & Moody, 2007)。创造力与一个人的智力或认知能力有关。峰值和下降模型有两种工作方式。首先是心理测量学证明,其次是生产力数据。这种模式有许多问题。心理测量测试涉及许多老年人,但批评指出,老年人的发散性思维并不是因为创造力,而是因为教育程度较低(Pritzker, & Runco, 1999)。

论文 重复率:创造力的高峰与衰退模型
这是因为出生在他们之后的一代,或者出生在很多年之后的一代比老年人受的教育更多。同时,衰老的过程也一直关注于衰老。这种模式的第二种方式是人们在一定年龄后失去了他们的生产力。但问题是,生产率并不等同于质量。像贝多芬和莎士比亚这样的人已经证明了他们多产的创造力,因此这些构念并不适用于每个人。峰值和衰退模型可以看作是一种偏见,在这种偏见中,年长的创造者被年轻人所评判(Pritzker, & Runco, 1999)。

论文 重复率:创造力的高峰与衰退模型

Peak and Decline Model of creativity is the model that defines the level of creativity depends on age. The model was named by Martin Lindauer, and according to him, creativity is increased in the early adulthood and declines in the age of 30’s. This however assumes that creativity is on the same level throughout the life span. Any changes in the creativity of the person are due to quantity and not due to quality (Caffrey & Moody, 2007). Creativity is related to the intelligence or cognitive ability of a person. The Peak and Decline model works with two ways. First is the psychometrics attest and second is the productivity data. There are many problems with this model. The psychometric tests involved many old age people, but critiques state that divergent thinking in old people is not because of creativity, but due to less education (Pritzker, & Runco, 1999).

论文 重复率:创造力的高峰与衰退模型
This is because generation born after them, or born after many years were more educated that old people. Also the process of Aging has always focused on decline. Second way of this model is that people loss their productivity after certain age. But problem with this is that productivity is not equivalent to quality. There have been individuals like Beethoven and Shakespeare, who have proved their prolific creativity, thus these constructs are not true for every individual. Peak and decline model could be seen as the bias in which older creators are judged by youth (Pritzker, & Runco, 1999).

加拿大essay代写:任务环境要素

加拿大essay代写:任务环境要素

任务环境要素是那些与Griffins食品(如其客户、竞争对手、供应商和劳动力市场)有直接工作关系的方面。组织的客户方面是那些使用组织产品的人。在未来的规划和创新管理中,企业必须满足消费者的需求(Castalia, 2014)。公司还必须根据消费者的期望对其进行细分,并相应地规划产品改进(Porter, 2008)。对于组织来说,存在一些特定的竞争问题。竞争问题将根据制造的产品而不同(Anchrol, 1991)。例如,钢铁行业将不会拥有与烘焙行业相同的竞争细节(Samson et al, 2016)。供应商是公司所需原材料的来源(Ansoff, 1980)。产品和服务的流动、供应商和零售商之间的关系等供应链动态将决定组织的成功(Samson et al, 2016)。劳动力市场代表了环境中那些可以被雇佣为该组织工作的人。每个组织都需要训练有素、合格的人才(Samson et al ., 2016, p. 100)。客户是狮鹫食品的最终消费者。以甜饼干为代表的Griffins有一个稳定的客户群。

加拿大essay代写:任务环境要素
纯甜饼干和儿童饼干仅占面包店销售饼干的35%左右(Rubanowski, 2014),这意味着该业务有良好的消费者细分市场,销售稳定。市场上有越来越多的新细分市场,它们更喜欢早餐搭配格里芬(Griffins)等产品,也喜欢咖啡搭配饼干。这种以方便为基础的早餐种类正在快速增长,作为一个利基市场,Rubanowski(2014)报告说,他们正在扩大,成为整个烘焙类(格里芬食品将下降的类别)的近10%。这部分消费者市场价值为2.788亿美元,预计还将增长(Rubanowski, 2014)。这为格里芬食品提供了很多机会。根据这一增长预测,凭借其强大的客户群、悠久的历史和早餐饼干产品,格里芬食品未来将拥有强大的消费群体。此外,Griffin Foods已经以消费者的形式支持其饼干的cafe部分(New Zealand, 2016)。

加拿大essay代写:任务环境要素

The task environment elements are those aspects that have a direct working relationship with Griffins Foods such as its customers, competitors, the suppliers and labour market.The customer aspect for the organization are those people who make use of organizational products. In future planning and in innovation management, companies have to meet the requirements of consumers (Castalia, 2014). The companies also have to segment consumers based on their expectations and plan product improvements accordingly (Porter, 2008).There are specific competitive issues for organizations. The competitive issues will differ based on the product manufactured (Anchrol, 1991). A steel industry for instance will not have the same competitive specifics as that of the Bakery industry (Samson et al, 2016). Suppliers are the source for the raw materials needed for the company (Ansoff, 1980). The supply chain dynamics such as the flow of products and services, the relationship between the supplier and the retailer and more would decide the success of organizations (Samson et al, 2016). The labour market represents people in the environment who can be hired to work for the organization. Every organization needs a supply of trained, qualified personnel (Samson et al, 2016, p. 100). Customers are the end product consumers of Griffin foods. There is a steady customer segment for Griffins in the form of sweet biscuit consumers.

加拿大essay代写:任务环境要素
Plain sweet and kids segments of biscuits alone make up for around 35 percent of the biscuits sold in the bakery (Rubanowski, 2014), as such this means that there are well established consumer segments with steady sales for the business. There are new growing segments in the market that prefer breakfast with products such as the ones offered by Griffins, and also café with Biscuits. This form of a convenience based breakfast category is fast growing as a niche segment and Rubanowski (2014) reports that they are expanding to become nearly 10 percent of the overall bakery category (the category in which Griffin foods would fall). This consumer segment market value is $278.8 million and is expected to grow (Rubanowski, 2014). This holds many opportunities for Griffin foods. With its strong clientele and history and its breakfast biscuit products, Griffin food would hence have a strong consumer segment for the future according to this growth projection. In addition, Griffin Foods already has support in the form of the consumers for the café segment of its biscuits (New Zealand, 2016).

论文辅导:意见分歧

论文辅导:意见分歧

可以产生另一个问题是被动的防御。当一个组织获得,它尝试敌对性质的收购与目标公司的管理往往引发各种防御。有法律问题也加上。另外必须克服目标公司的防御措施,敌意收购还需要面对几个国家的法律公司和联邦性质的法律包括证券的行为,1933年和1934年,威廉姆斯和谢尔曼的行为的行为(费雷拉et al ., 2014)。有针对性的组织,其利益相关者或其相关监管部门可以通过恶意收购者卷入导致造成更多的困难在管理操作导致声称金融或违反证券法或提高反垄断性质的问题。并购:并购,其中一个重要缺陷是有差异。的一个重要原因,有时合并开始分崩离析之前他们被完成是因为存在差异的尝试合并在最初的地方(奥尔巴赫,2013)。

论文辅导:意见分歧
意见分歧或管理风格可能导致导致合作伙伴可能不承认在最前线,结果导致合并的谈判开始分解。这对于其他原因以及可能发生,这是个性差异。个性差异可能导致导致2个合作伙伴可能分道扬镳,即使它可能是有益的相互合作的措施。另一个陷阱涉及法律问题(Cartwright et al .,2014)。法律问题又出现另一个主要障碍,公司合并过程中遇到(Cartwright et al .,2012)。《谢尔曼反托拉斯法》(1890年),组织内。年代已经禁止制定任何类型的实体的业务,这可能会导致公平贸易限制。这是适用于合并的企业的水平。中任意组合的行为进一步描述了贸易限制是不合法的。

论文辅导:意见分歧

Another issue which can arise is reactive defence. When an organization acquires, it attempts a takeover of hostile nature with the management of Target Company often unleashing various defence. There are legal issues also combined with it. Additionally to have to overcome the defensive measures in the target company, hostile bids also need to contend with several laws of State Corporation and laws of federal nature inclusive of the act of Securities, 1933 and 1934, the act of Williams and the Act of Sherman (Ferreira et al., 2014). Targeted organizations, its stakeholders or its associated regulatory authorities can result in causing more difficulties through hostile bidder entangling in administrative actions causing to allege finance or violation of securities law or raise issues of anti-trust nature. Mergers: Within mergers, one of the essential pitfalls is that there are differences. One of the essential reasons that at times mergers start falling apart prior to them being accomplished is because of the differences present between the ones attempting merger in the initial place (Auerbach, 2013).

论文辅导:意见分歧
Opinion based differences or style of management might result in causing partners potentially to fail to acknowledge at the forefront, resulting to cause the negotiation of merger to start breaking down. This can occur for other reasons along with, that is personality differences. Personality differences might result in causing 2 partners potentially to go separate ways, even when it might be beneficial mutually collaborate their measures. Another pitfall involves legal problems (Cartwright et al., 2014). Legal Problems in turn present another key barrier, which companies run into during the process of merger (Cartwright et al., 2012). As the Sherman Anti-Trust Act (1890) passage, organizations within U.S have been forbid to formulate any kind of entity of business, which may result in fair trade restriction. This is applicable to mergers at the level of corporate level. The act further depicts that any combination within trade restraint is as well not legal.

论文修改:消费者分类

论文修改:消费者分类

173年进行的一项研究潜在买家有回归和多变量分析(Luis Munuera-Aleman Delgado-Ballester,2001)。所得到的测试结果表明,品牌信任会增加客户的承诺。对于品牌忠诚度的因素,通常讨论的品牌声誉,基于消费者知觉的满意度和开发产品。有一个意识形态的转变到关系营销行为的公司(Luis Munuera-Aleman Delgado-Ballester,2001)。本研究的结果表明,有一个直接联系消费者忠诚度和品牌赞助的产品。主要研究是在希腊进行消费者理解消费者之间的关系,品牌形象、社会环境、忠诚和消费相关的行为(Gounaris & Stathakopoulos, 2004)。

论文修改:消费者分类
从这个结果发现,两种类型的消费者有风险规避消费者或寻求各种消费者。品牌声誉和替代品的威胁的因素是产品的品牌形象。社会环境的目标市场的人口被认为是在这个研究和忠诚的消费者分为四种类型。高端忠诚,惯性的忠诚,贪婪的忠诚和不忠诚(Gounaris & Stathakopoulos,2004)。在现实中有一个复杂的这四个因素之间的关系。在这个研究得出的结论理解消费者的品牌忠诚度的概念应该考虑这些复杂的启发式的公司。这栋楼的品牌形象(Gounaris & Stathakopoulos,2004)

论文修改:消费者分类

A study was conducted on 173 potential buyers there was regression and multi variate analysis (Delgado-Ballester, & Luis Munuera-Alemán, 2001). The results that were obtained suggested that the brand trust increases customer commitment. In the case of brand loyalty, the factors that has been usually discussed as brand reputation, satisfaction and developing a product based on consumer perception. There is a shift in ideologies to the relational marketing actions of the companies (Delgado-Ballester, & Luis Munuera-Alemán, 2001). This results of this study indicated that there was a direct correlation between the consumer loyalty and the brand patronage for a product. A primary research was undertaken among Greek consumers to understand the relationship between consumers, brand image, social environment, loyalty and consumer related behavior (Gounaris, & Stathakopoulos, 2004).

论文修改:消费者分类
It was found from this results that the consumers are of two types there are either risk aversion consumers or variety seeking consumers. The brand reputation and the threat of substitutes were the factors considered in the brand image of the product. The social environment of the target market demography was considered in this research and the loyalties of the consumers were divided into four types. It was premium loyalty, inertia loyalty, covetous loyalty and no loyalty (Gounaris, & Stathakopoulos, 2004). In reality there was an intricate relationship between these four factors. It was concluded in this research to understand the notions of brand loyalty of the consumers these complex heuristics should be considered by the companies. This building of brand image (Gounaris, & Stathakopoulos, 2004)

新西兰论文代写:成人教育学

新西兰论文代写:成人教育学

在成人教育学的情况下,应该考虑到社会和文化背景,而组织文化的教学。维果斯基声称,当成年人学习科目合并是很重要的社会和文化背景。他们应该考虑在更大的,因为它将使对问题的理解。服务的组织,这些政策是很重要的因素以获得最大生产率(哈里斯,气,1997)。因此,组织文化应该反思现有的社会文化和员工的文化背景。然而,并不是所有的文化影响都可以考虑。Alexiou(2010)有一个内在的矛盾,是在学习组织的话语。这是基于底层性别假设和的方式工作委托给员工以性别为基础。

新西兰论文代写:成人教育学
人们已经发现在许多组织中有一个固有的性别偏见,是基于社会放行和公司的文化背景。具有讽刺意味的是,公司培养或详细讨论性别平等作出决定的权力促进女性员工的这种潜在的宗法观念。这通常是一个监督这不是解决的许多公司。这应该被改变,尽管它是社会文化的一个重要方面。Alexiou(2010)指出,组织为了提高生产力,应确保这些固有的性别歧视应该被避免。组织文化应该围绕创建学习型组织,克服一些有害社会放行,而且因素相关的社会和文化背景在创建公司的员工的话语。

新西兰论文代写:成人教育学

In the case of adult pedagogy, there should be factoring in of the social and cultural context while teaching of the organizational culture. Vygotsky claims that when adults are taught about the subjects it is important to incorporate the social and cultural context. They should be factored in as it would enable in greater understanding of the issues. In the case of the service organization, it is important to factor in these policies in order to obtain maximum productivity (Harris, and Volet, 1997). Hence, the organizational culture should reflect upon the existing social culture and the cultural context of the employees. However, not all cultural influences can be considered. Alexiou (2010) there is an inherent contradiction that is found in the learning organizational discourse. This is based on the underlying gender assumptions and the way in which the work is delegated to the employees based on the gender.

新西兰论文代写:成人教育学
It has been found in many organizations there is an inherent gender bias that is based on the social conformities and the cultural context of the company.Ironically, the companies that foster or discuss in detail about gender equality make a decision of not promoting female employees to power in light of this underlying patriarchal notion. This is often an oversight that is not addressed by many companies. This should be changed even though it is an important aspect of the culture of the society. Alexiou (2010) has stated that the organizations in order to be productive should ensure that these inherent gender discriminations should be avoided. The organizational culture should be centred around creation of a learning organization that overcomes some of the detrimental social conformities, but also factors in the relevant social and cultural context while creating a discourse for the employees of the company.

澳洲靠谱代写:Recommendation letter的写作特点

澳洲靠谱代写:Recommendation letter的写作特点

申请国外大学,教授会根据申请材料了解申请者。如何写申请材料,教授评定申请材料的标准是什么?下面是国外教授给出的个人意见,非常值得申请国外大学的留学生一读,对他们申请材料的准备工作非常有帮助。

申请人易犯的最大错误就是将个人陈述写成一部史诗或过于光辉的人生历程。申请人应尽可能选择充分介绍,反映自己的一两个主题,论述观点要明确,要点要突出。

Writing sample和个人陈述是完全不同的。前者可使我们发现一些在个人陈述中无法发现的写作上的缺点。writing sample也可使我们看出到底申请人是否具有初步的逻辑能力,论辩能力和提出观点的能力。

Recommendation letter也是我们招生的重要依据。通过Recommendation letter我们可以看出其学术成就和性格特征。每位申请人应该准备两份Recommendation letter。如果申请人是在校学生,Recommendation letter应来自于任课教师;否则申请人应使用上司的Recommendation letter。

澳洲靠谱代写:Recommendation letter的写作特点

如果申请人离校多年,就不适合再从学校获取Recommendation letter了。否则我们会奇怪为什么不用近期的材料。优良的成绩固然重要,但由于本校非常注重学生的品质修养,我们坚决不会录取那些学术成绩看似优秀却不具备高尚品格和道德的申请人。我们人数不多,所以对组成我们这个小团体的成员的素质尤其重视。

在写个人陈述时可以考虑一些你曾参加的活动,你是怎样成长的,以及一些工作和旅游的经验。

个人陈述的主题是你个人的选择。由于我们已要求提供简历,所以切勿将个人陈述写得像简历那样简单罗列工作经历,参与的各种活动。我希望看到一个对申请者十分独特的东西,如过去的一项特殊成绩,过去的有趣经历等。

澳洲靠谱代写:Recommendation letter的写作特点

在评审过程中,每个委员只会审阅众多申请中的一小部分。在现行制度下,申请材料会被一个教授和两个录取委员会成员审阅。这两个委员中有一个将审阅所有的申请者的材料以便对整体的申请状况有一个大概的了解,这样我们可以做出更准确的判断。

Recommendation letter对我们掌握信息十分有用。你可以在自己的申请中描述自己如何参与课外活动,但如果这一信息由旁人如老师,主任等佐证,就会变得有说服力的多。另外如果你有十分矛盾的指标如:高GPA和低的GRE,或相反。

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論文代寫價格:財務與業務

論文代寫價格:財務與業務
財務會計這個詞的含義是什麼?利用比率分析來解讀財務報表:比率時更重要的一個公司的財務報表必須解釋。使用基於財務比率流動比率等方法測試時間分析業務。根據華爾街投資公司,人員從銀行貸款部門和業主與知識淵博的業務,所有利用通過財務比率分析。這種分析有助於了解更多在他們的公司目前的財政健康的前景及其功能(Horngren等,2013)。通過使用資產負債表和損益表,這些比率可以理解,它引導向適當的分析一個公司的狀態。關鍵技術用於計算成本:存在2對傳統成本核算方法。

論文代寫價格:財務與業務
基於成本的定價可以做的價格包括原料成本和基於業務的運營成本。這是包括一個基於產品成本利潤比例,增加一個百分比不知道產品的成本和混合產品總成本和利潤。基於競爭的定價中負責覆蓋成本價格(Carlon et al .,2015)。這有可比性的價格競爭對手。這是包括價格類似於競爭,為增強消費者的基礎設定價格和尋求市場價格的主要份額。基於客戶的定價是另一個技術也稱為基於價值的定價。這是一個系統,價格有其依據客戶的需求或產品的需要。如果產品有獨特性,那麼這個定價有助於創造產品的需求。

論文代寫價格:財務與業務

What is meant by the term Financial Accounting?Use of ratio analysis to interpret finance statements: Ratios are of much importance when a company’s financial statement has to be interpreted. Using finance based ratios such as liquidity ratios etc is a method tested by time to analyse businesses. According to firms from Wall Street investment, officers from bank loan departments and owners with knowledgeable business, all make use of analysis through financial ratio. This analysis helps in learning more over the prospects of their company’s present health of finances along with its capability (Horngren et al, 2013). Through use of balance sheets and income statements, these ratios can be comprehended and it leads towards analysis of appropriate state of a company. Key techniques used to calculate costs: There exist 2 approaches for conventional costing.

論文代寫價格:財務與業務
Cost based pricing can be done in which price consists of the ingredients cost and the business based operating cost. This is inclusive of a product cost based profit percentage, adding a percentage to not known cost of product and blending total product cost and profit along with. Pricing based on competition is wherein the price is responsible for covering costs (Carlon et al., 2015). This has comparability to the price of the competitors. This is inclusive of price similar to competition, setting price for enhancing the base of consumer and seeking major share in the market by price. Customer based pricing is another technique and it is also called as pricing based on value. It is a system where price has its basis on the demand of customer or product need. If product has uniqueness, then this pricing helps in creation of product demand.

澳洲论文抄袭:临床治疗护理

澳洲论文抄袭:临床治疗护理

临床推理循环显示一个动态的过程,决定了只有经过一系列的三到四个步骤,并相应结果评估。这是重要的对于每一个护士一步一步过程将有助于实现要点。第四步是决定。有三个关键问题确定在这个病人。非常小的oxygent统计数据是92%。空气的方式评估表示没有阻塞和氧气必须从6增加l – 8 l下颌支持。基于证据的支持表明,已经有动脉血液气体进行测试。因此,道德和法律援助给这个病人是让麻醉师来分析和利用间羟胺。过去的证据表明阿片类药物通常导致呼吸道萧条。因此,他需要人集中护理,给予足够的隐私和空间还想免费,这样他可以阿片类药物。

澳洲论文抄袭:临床治疗护理
这个病人的痛苦是巨大的。证据说他目前处理Bupivacaine 8毫升/ h和第四Pandol 1 g已经在表中。然而,合法,对待病人遭受痛苦,应该与芬太尼10微克/ 1毫升和2毫升可以给病人(萨尔蒙德,2007)。还有一个在这种情况下需要善待病人必须重新定位。病人的当前坐和躺的位置可能会增加疼痛的原因。他需要更多的舒适感觉更好,也减少了疼痛。它是不道德的,不断给疼痛造成药物当他的位置变更可以控制疼痛。在这种情况下,痛苦是嗜睡的关键因素。这种方式,睡意也减少了,他没有面对萧条了。

澳洲论文抄袭:临床治疗护理

The clinical reasoning cycle indicates a dynamic process where a decision is taken only after a series of three to four steps, and outcomes are evaluated accordingly. This is important for every nurse as the step by step procedure will help in delivering key points. The fourth step is DECIDE. There are three key problems identified in this patient. The oxygent stats is 92% which is quite lesser. The air way assessment has indicated no obstruction and the oxygen has to be increased from 6L to 8L so that there is jaw support. The evidence based support shows that there is already arterial blood gas test conducted. As a result, the ethical and legal assistance given to this patient are to let anesthetist to analyze and make use of metaraminol. Past evidences show that opioids generally cause respiratory depression. Hence, he needs person centered care where he is given enough room for privacy and also to think free so he can come out of opioids.

澳洲论文抄袭:临床治疗护理
Pain is enormous to this patient. Evidence says that he is currently treat with Bupivacaine 8ml/h and Pandol IV 1g is already given in the case sheet. However, legally, a patient suffering from pain should be treated with Fentanyl 10mcg/1ml and 2ml can be given to the patient (Salmond, 2007). There is also a need for ethical treatment at this case where the patient has to be repositioned. The current sitting and lying positions of the patient could be the reasons for increased pain. He needs more comfort to feel better and also to have decreased pain. It is unethical to continuously give pain killing drugs when his position alteration can control the pain. In this case, pain is the key factor to drowsiness. This way, drowsiness is also reduced and he doesn’t have to face depression anymore.

論文代寫推薦:豐田汽車風險管理

論文代寫推薦:豐田汽車風險管理
豐田汽車(Toyota)是2010年加強風險管理系統以應對一系列質量相關問題的領先汽車公司之一。公司一直非常重視質量,因此公司比其他任何組織都更早引入全面質量管理(TQM)。此外,在這個問題上,風險總是得到足夠的重要性,因為它拉著一個組織的成功過程。 2010年6月,該公司在其CSR委員會下成立了一個風險管理委員會。公司招聘風險經理,其職責是預防或消除業務活動過程中出現的全部風險(Crouhy, Galai & Mark, 2014)。公司任命了一位全球首席風險管理官,他的主要職責是建立一個高效的系統,每天對風險進行監控。在給定的案例研究中,我們可以觀察到,儘管豐田採取了所有這些措施,但當發現其車輛存在缺陷時,該公司不得不面對嚴重的後果。

論文代寫推薦:豐田汽車風險管理
此外,美國國家交通安全管理局(NHTSA)對該公司生產的有缺陷汽車處以1640萬美元的罰款,並因未及時通知缺陷而處以罰款。這對汽車巨頭豐田來說是一種恥辱,公司的形象岌岌可危(Ishikawa & Tsujimoto, 2009)。在這件事上,我們必須記住豐田是日本公司,日本人以其對工藝和質量的痴迷而聞名。由於這個原因,人們對公司的信任將會下降。公司最終失去了聲譽,品牌形象嚴重受損。因此,企業的品牌價值也隨之降低。該公司不得不停止生產,並出售其在美國銷量最高的8款汽車。除此之外,該公司還要在全球召回900多萬輛汽車(Bryson, 2014)。

論文代寫推薦:豐田汽車風險管理

Toyota is one of the leading automobile companies that have reinforced its risk management system responding a range of quality related issues in 2010. The company always provides great emphasis on its quality, and thus the company introduces Total Quality Management (TQM) much before any other organization. Moreover, in this matter, the risk always gets adequate importance as it pulls the process of the success of an organization. The company set up a risk management council under its CSR committee in June 2010. The company recruits risk managers, whose responsibilities are to prevent or eliminate the entire risks that arise in the procedure of the business activities (Crouhy, Galai & Mark, 2014). The company has appointed a Global Chief Risk Management Officer, and the key responsibility of the officer is to set an efficient system to monitor the risks daily.In the given case study, it is observed that despite all these measurements implemented by Toyota, the company has to face severe consequences when its vehicles are found defective.

論文代寫推薦:豐田汽車風險管理
Moreover, the National Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) of US Impose US$ 16.4 million fine for the defective cars produced by the company and for not notifying the defects timely. It is a shame for the auto giant Toyota and the corporate face of the company is at stake (Ishikawa & Tsujimoto, 2009). In this matter, one has to remember that Toyota is the Japanese company, and the nation is recognized by its obsession for craftsmanship and quality. For the reason, the trust for the company among the people is going to drop. The company eventually loses its reputation, and its brand image is damaged significantly. Therefore, the brand value of the enterprise is also reduced. The company has to stop the production as well as selling off its eight top selling cars in the US. Besides this, the company has to recall more than nine million vehicles worldwide (Bryson, 2014).