The book provides a broader view in a well written form the depth analysis of the history of China from thirteenth to seventeenth century. The one part of the book portrays the Ming through the Yuan functions and the other end covers the Manchus Qing Empire. This period was the arrival period of Europeans and their global perspective about the world (Brook, 2010). Brook found these two periods as inter-related as the Ming gave up the Mongol empire that was multi-ethnic for favoring smaller states for the people of China. Ming by his this act set himself on a pathway that was against the idea of accepting Europeans for sharing ‘the sameness’ aspect of the civilized people. The Yuan model based of the concept of multi-ethnic empire was followed by the Manchus keeping in regard the inner Asia. They even tried to follow the Ming model for coping with the Europeans living on eastern coast but were unsuccessful.
The takeover of the country by Mongols in 1270 completely changed the history of China. The Confucian Empire which played an active role for one and half of millennium in the making of Chinese history suddenly fell under foreign occupation. The book covers various aspects of the Chinese history such as the situation of China before it unified in 1279 as the Yuan Dynasty and what was the future of China after that period. The Ming dynasty was replaced by another foreign occupation because of another group of invaders visited China after four centuries. The book ‘The Troubled Empire’ explores the happenings in the history of China during and between the periods of two dramatic invasions. The changes in the weather clearly defined the complexities and dynamics of the period of invasions.