In various nonprofit organizations, the artist is often referred to as the artistic director. Along with being the artistic director for the company they also assist the orchestra, sometimes become the director of the stage, choreographer and the like. The artistic director is the one responsible for the evolutions of arts in any nonprofit organization. The artistic director is responsible for deciding the shows which would happen. He takes all the decisions pertaining to the creativity and the people involved in creativity. He is not responsible for the finances or the administrative duties instead his interest is more towards the execution of the artistic endeavor properly and smoothly. He is responsible for the aesthetics on the stage and otherwise (Akingbola, 2006).
On the other hand the executive director is more concerned with the financial aspects associated with the performing arts. He is more concerned about the numbers in terms of how many tickets booed, how much money collected, total audiences turn up, number and value of donations and the like.
The artistic director and the executive director both have defined roles and responsibilities which they have to perform independently but when one sees from the point of view of an organization, both the roles are equally important for the organization. Artistic director is a link between the artists and the board of directors. The executive director on the other hand has the role of taking financial decisions and also contributing his expertise to make each artistic event a success. Hence both the roles are critical for the organizations and both the roles are informally dependent on each other. Hence dual leadership would always contribute strategically to the organizational development. Artistic director can never achieve the organizational goal all by himself and the same applies to the executive director as well. The company should thus encourage dual leadership so that performing arts as well as the financial condition of the organizations remain healthy.