新西兰大学的国际学生人数正在稳步增长。留学生尤其是亚洲地区留学生的这种倾向对新西兰的学生和经济都产生了一定的影响。国际学生为课堂的多元化和国际化做出了贡献，并在课堂上添加了不同的视角，增进了对世界不同地区存在的差异的相互理解和欣赏。丰富校园的文化多样性，让国内学生接触到影响世界其他地区的因素，这是非常重要的。新西兰与几个国家的贸易关系将成为未来经济的支柱。在这种情况下，开发对内部环境的理解是很重要的。国际学生带来的经验有助于发展这种理解(Urban & Palmer, 2014)。学生将了解当前的情况，政府倡议，这些市场的机会和这些机会可以利用的方式。在某种程度上，学生的学习是从国际学生分享的真实生活例子开始发展的。接下来澳洲论文代写-新西兰大学国际学生的优缺点分析在下面讨论。
The financial benefits that are realized by the universities from International students are another important factor. The international students form strong base for the economic and international relation in future. This can be significant in bringing in funds for the universities. The revenue is realized in the form of fee and expenses on daily requirements. The funding for international students is coming in the form of foreign currency. This is huge boost not only for the university but also for the economy (Wu, Garza & Guzman, 2015). The net benefit from international students is higher because they not only contribute in the form of fee, which is generally higher for international students, but also spend on living expenses. It is important that such flow of foreign currency is maintained and in absence of international student, the revenue generation for the universities in New Zealand will reduce significantly.
Lastly, the universities set high standards for enrolling the international students. These students have to show competency in different areas such as industry specific understanding, communication skills and logical interpretation. Thus, it is ensured that the students who have high level of acumen are enrolled. The international students are well prepared academically. This enhances the level of understanding of the domestic students (Wu, Garza & Guzman, 2015). The international students bring in diversity, different perception of looking at issues and enhance the academic competition.
This enhances the skill and quality of learning of domestic students as when they compete with the best, the skills are developed which are essential for the career development
Although there are several benefits, some of the experts are of the view that international students have certain negative aspects. Firstly, the international students have tom pass through the stringent process for enrolment in universities. Thus they are better prepared and have high level of understanding resulting in higher chances of getting jobs in the market.
This leads to unemployment of the domestic students. It is viewed that most of the professional jobs are going to the international students. Thus, it will have an impact in future. The earnings by international students are transferred to the host country. Thus, actual benefits which are perceived to be there in the form of fee and expenditure on daily requirements are not there and such outflow outweighs the benefit. Overall, the economy is at loss.
The growing dependency of the institutes on international students tends to increase the focus of management on them and little consideration is given to the domestic students. Thus, the financial benefits reduce the focus on the domestic student. The huge dependency of the universities has shifted the balance and resulted in skewed learning of the students (Jourdini, 2012). The over reliance of the universities on international students can have an impact as if other countries provide better opportunities, they might move there. In such a case, huge vacuum will be there as alternate income source for the universities will not be there which can compensate the loss.
Another limitation is with respect to the exploitation which domestic students are facing. After completing education, the international students either will move to their host country or will become part of New Zealand. In both situations, the existing students belonging to New Zealand are at loss. If they move out of the country, the benefit to the economy of New Zealand will not be there (Jourdini, 2012). On the other hand, if the students stay in the country, the number of jobs that are available will reduce. In either case, the loss to domestic student will be there.
Lastly, although not associated directly, the opening of international boundaries through education may bring in malicious agents into the country. This can cause threat to security of the nation. Consideration must be given to this aspect. All the limitations are quite important and have to be considered by authorities.
Several factors with respect to the advantages and disadvantages of having many international students in New Zealand on New Zealand country have been discussed above. It can be said that the arguments that are given are valid and need to be evaluated. Considering the discussion, it can be said that proper balance has to be maintained between the numbers of international students that are enrolled. This will ensure that the benefits as perceived are there and at the same time, effect of negative aspects can be minimized.
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