In order to establish a clear idea of the urbanization, urban design theories play a significant role in contributing towards the development of cities and states. Urban design means the arrangement and design of buildings, public spaces, transport systems, services, and amenities. It relates to giving form, shape, and character to groups of buildings, to whole neighbourhoods, and the city (Gallagher, 2013). It not only relates to the places but highly relates with the people as well.
Over the years, many theories were introduced in this field by philosophers to analyse the concept of urbanization along with its design. Proper studies have been conducted by famous philosophers such as Koolhaas, Venturi, Lynch, Alexander, Jacobs, Rossi, Gehl, R. Krier, Sennett, Sorkin, Hillier, and Corner. These theories highlight how places along with people have grown over the years to respond to globalization and development that was taking place all over the world.
Although all theories of urban design hold significant importance, Koolhaas’s theory of urbanism would be discussed here which was introduced in 1995 under the name ‘What Eber Happened to Urbanism?’ This theory holds extreme importance in the understanding and proper analysis of the urban design and so a critique would be presented upon the theory.
Koolhaas argued that although, development and urbanization was said to take place at a defined level, it failed to do so because of the acceleration that took place in the field (Koolhaas and Kwinter, 1996). He argues that development did not take place at a significant pace instead it kept on rising and urbanization became double and triple in countries within only a couple of decades which is not very beneficial for the society.