Food security is found to be lacking in the communities. The factors affecting food security in a household are many. Some of the notable factors are mentioned below.
Age and gender in the community: The people should consume certain types of food in each age and they also vary with gender. The accessibility and feasibility of obtaining the right food type will depend on the age and gender of the people.
The household composition: The number of people in the households will determine the quality of food. It has been observed that when families have more number of people the income allocated for food becomes divided more and their access to quality food becomes lesser. If there is less number of people there are more amounts to purchase high quality food.
Total disposable income by the household members: The income garnered by the members in the house constitutes to the gross disposable income for the household. The actual disposable income refers to money that the household can spend on quality food after paying liabilities, taxes, insurance, rent, educational fees etc. This disposable income plays an important role in determining the food security of the household.
According to the Australian Bureau of Statistics Census Data of 2011 the Median Household weekly income in Darebin: 1178 $ and the Average household composition is 2.5 usually with one child, Median Household weekly income in Brimbank: 1106 $ Average household composition is 2.9usually with one or two children. Median Household weekly income in Boroondora: 1893$ Average household composition is 2.6 usually with one child. On analysing the three suburbs it was found that the people esp. Men in the age range of 44 to 55 years who were in Technology, Engineering and Scientific pursuits made more money than people in other sectors. It was found that in Darebin there were more construction jobs and the suburbs Brimbank according to the 2011 Census data was less developed than the other two suburbs.