Hermeticism is an ancient, spiritual and philosophical tradition. Hermetica or Hermeticism is named after God Hermes Trismegistus. It is a Greek name which means ‘Thrice-Greatest God.’ In historical Egypt, God Hermes Trismegistus was also known as Thoth. The basis of the name ‘Thrice-Greatest’ is accounted in Emerald Tablet of Hermes Trismegistus in 17th century. It states that the wisdom of the whole universe is divided into three parts; alchemy, astrology and theurgy (Scully, 2003). Hermeticism is known to the world due to Greek and Latin writings of Hermes Tresmegistus. Hermetic writings were very persuasive and greatly influenced Western Esoteric traditions. Hermetic writings were considered highly significant in Renaissance (14th to 17th century) and Reformation (15th century) periods (Copenhaver, 1992). Some historians think that Hermes Trismegistus was some wise prophets as he foresaw the coming of Jesus and Christianity. Hermeticism gained importance since it provided basis for scientific development in 14th to 16th century. Isaac Newton and many other scientists of that era took guidelines and ideas from Hermetic writings to work out on scientific theories.
Hermetica emerged and evolved in ancient Egypt (Copenhaver, 1995), which is now visible and dominant to the whole world. Hermetica, the combination of Greek and Egyptian wisdom texts, date back in 2nd and 3rd centuries. In the books of history, it has been stated that Hermes Trismegistus may be a blend of Greek god Hermes and Egyptian god Thoth. These both were the gods of wisdom, magic and spirituality. When Greek came in Egypt, both cultures found similarities in the attributes and teachings of their gods thus started worshiping them as one. Hermeticism may said to be a product of Graco-Egyptian culture. Hermeticism found its fertile home in the metropolis of Alexandria. In that era Alexandria was under Pax Romana as the cultural Mediterranean capital. Many diverse concepts from different cultures came into Alexandria that shaped up Hermeticism.