The research method that is being followed is a mixed research methodology. A mixed research methodology is made use of in such situations where it is impossible to just rely on qualitative or quantitative methods (Mertens, 2014). Now quantitative research is one that makes use of quantitative data which answers questions of a phenomenon in numbers or quantities. A proper quantitative research usually makes use of the deductive or top down approach and will test hypothesis and theory directly with the data obtained. Usually, the focus of quantitative research is to just test a specific hypothesis and test it (Creswell, 2013). Precise measurement of data in the form of structured questionnaires or rating responses is usually done. The data analysis framework variables and the findings are usually generalized for this research. Statistical significance of the research is usually given high importance (Creswell & Clark, 2007). Now in this research, quantitative data is data on crime reporting (penal data) collected from the year 2005 to 2015, and this data is collected in themes which are the region divisions. The regions to be considered are that of East, East Midlands, London, North East, North West, South East, South West, Wales, West Midlands and Yorkshire and The Humber. Now the statistical analysis of the penal data would be useful for understanding how economic changes over time have an impact on the crime rates.
The research however would not be complete without using qualitative data. Now qualitative data is data collected in the form of attitudes, behaviors etc., as in non-numerical data. Where the quantities research answered questions for a phenomenon in the nature of “how many”, qualitative research attempts to answer questions of a phenomenon such as “why”, “when” etc. (Patton, 2005). Qualitative research is mostly bottom up and ground theory in fieldwork, or descriptive theory and more are used (Johnson, and Onwuegbuzie, 2004). In the case of the qualitative research methodology, the research and the participants are usually the primary research instruments. In this research, however, there are no participants as such, and the data collected from the penal code is the main data. However, qualitative descriptive data is collected by means of secondary research evidences. The mixed research approach makes use of both qualitative and quantitative data collection and analysis, and this would help in making the research work informed in both data and subjective when it comes to using existing research studies.