阿 德 莱 德 大学:流行文化的概念

阿 德 莱 德 大学:流行文化的概念

流行文化的概念随着时代的变化而变化。这主要是因为随着时间的推移,技术的变化和不同领域重新发明流行文化的意义(Bennett, 2001)。流行文化观念的变化可以在音乐、电视甚至新媒体中看到。流行文化或流行文化总是与非精英的逻辑联系在一起。目前对“大众文化”一词的理解源于工业化及其庞大的中产阶级人口。大众传播和艺术形式在解释共同的文化实践和创造它们的人方面起了很大作用。根据Storey的观点,大众文化是由工业革命的城市化发展而来的(Storey, 2006)。流行文化一直与穷人和他们的低教育水平联系在一起。在前现代社会,娱乐和文化活动是日常生活的过去(Storey, 2006)。人们的生活已经转移到工业化阶段。

阿 德 莱 德 大学:流行文化的概念
农业不再是一种基本的生活方式。莎士比亚对戏剧的研究(如魏曼、巴伯或布里斯托尔的研究)体现了文艺复兴流行文化的特征(罗伯特,2007)。因此,大众文化不是人类学研究的主题,它也被用于大众传媒、文化研究、社会学、历史学、文学等领域。工业革命改变了人们的生活水平。由于技术的变化,通讯和运输领域出现了新的创新。这也导致了工作方式和工作类型的改变。工业革命带来了希望、创新和变革。工业革命也带来了艺术和音乐领域的变化(Storey, 2006)。欲望和生活水平可以提高。随着交通和通讯的改善,它给人们的生活带来了很大的变化。

阿 德 莱 德 大学:流行文化的概念

The concept of popular culture has changed with the changing time. This is mainly due to the technological changes and the different fields re-invent the meaning of popular culture over time (Bennett, 2001). The changes in the concept of popular culture can be seen in music, television and even in new media. Popular culture or pop culture has always been associated with logic of being non-elite. The current understanding of the term “popular culture” has been generated from the Industrialization and its extensive middle class population. Popular forms of communication and arts had a great hand in explaining the common cultural practices and the people who created them.According to Storey, the popular culture has been evolved from the urbanization of Industrial revolution (Storey, 2006). The popular culture has been associated with poor people and their poor education level. In the pre modern societies, entertainment and cultural activities were the past of everyday life (Storey, 2006). The life of people had been shifted to the phase of industrialization.

阿 德 莱 德 大学:流行文化的概念
Agriculture was no more a basic way of living. The studies of the drama written by Shakespeare (by Weimann, Barber or Bristol, for example) display the characteristics of the Renaissance popular culture (Robert, 2007). Thus popular culture is not the subject of anthropological studies, but it is also used in mass media, cultural studies, sociology, history, literature, etc. The standard of living of the people had changed due to the industrial revolution. There were new innovations in the field of communication and transportation as the result of technological changes. This also resulted in changing the way of working and also the types of jobs. The industrial revolution brought hopes, innovations and changes. The industrial revolution also brought changes in the field of art and music (Storey, 2006). The desires and living standard could be increased. As the transportation and communication improved, it brought major changes in people’s lives.

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